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Título

Causal trajectories description of atom diffraction by surfaces

AutorSanz, Ángel S. ; Borondo, Florentino; Miret-Artés, Salvador
Palabras claveAtom diffraction
Atom-surface scattering
Quantum trajectories
Bohmian Mechanics
Surface Physics
Foundations of Quantum Mechanics
deBroglie-Bohm Theory
Quantum Hydrodynamics
Fecha de publicación15-mar-2000
EditorAmerican Physical Society
CitaciónPhysical Review B 61, 7743 (2000)
ResumenThe method of quantum trajectories proposed by de Broglie and Bohm is applied to the study of atom diffraction by surfaces. As an example, a realistic model for the scattering of He off corrugated Cu is considered. In this way, the final angular distribution of trajectories is obtained by box-counting, which is in excellent agreement with the results calculated by standard S-matrix methods of scattering theory. More interestingly, the accumulation of quantum trajectories at the different diffraction peaks is explained in terms of the corresponding quantum potential. This non-local potential "guides" the trajectories causing a transition from a distribution near the surface, which reproduces its shape, to the final diffraction pattern observed in the asymptotic region, far from the diffracting object. These two regimes are homologous to the Fresnel and Fraunhofer regions described in undulatory optics. Finally, the turning points of the quantum trajectories provide a better description of the surface electronic density than the corresponding classical ones, usually employed for this task.
Descripción9 pages, 7 figures -- PACS numbers: 79.20.Rf, 03.65.Sq, 03.65.Bz
Versión del editorhttp://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevB.61.7743
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/12239
DOI10.1103/PhysRevB.61.7743
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