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Strained SrMnO3 thin films: engineering multiferroic properties

AuthorsPardo, J. A.; Algueró, Miguel ; Blasco, Javier; Magen, Cesar; Ramos, Pablo ; Jiménez, Ricardo ; Strichovanec, Pavel; Lucas, I.; Morellón, Luis; Ibarra, M. Ricardo; Algarabel, Pedro A.
Issue Date2013
PublisherFederation of European Microbiological Societies
CitationEUROMAT 2013
AbstractMultiferroic materials showing simultaneous magnetic and ferroelectric ordering have become the subject of intensive research in recent years. The scarcity of these materials due to the different phenomena responsible for both properties [1], and also, the weak magnetoelectric coupling in most of them force to develop new methods to avoid the excluding mechanisms of ferroelectricity and magnetism. Recent theoretical predictions suggested that epitaxially strained SrMnO3 should become multiferroic [2] by means of the interplay of spins, lattice phonons and strain of the perovskite unit cell. In this system, Mn4+ (d3 ion) is expected to drive both the magnetic order (Mn-O-Mn magnetic superexchange interaction) and the required non-centrosymmetric distortion for ferroelectric order (Mn4+ off-centers from MnO6 octahedra), and therefore a strong magnetoelectric coupling with similar ordering temperatures is expected. Here, we have investigated the effect of epitaxial strain on the structure, electrical and magnetic properties of SrMnO3 (SMO) thin films. Pulsed laser deposition technique was used to grow strained SMO thin films onto different substrates ranging from -1% compressive to 4% tensile mismatch. Coherent cube-on-cube growth is borne out by X-ray diffraction measurements, which also show that under appropriate deposition conditions and substrate selection the perovskite pseudo-cubic phase is stabilized in thin films. The growth of the samples has been monitored by in situ RHEED measurements. Selected films were observed by scanning transmission electron microscopy, which prove the homogeneity and defect-free crystal quality of films. Chemical composition mapping, stoichiometry and 4+ oxidation state of Mn were corroborated by electron energy loss spectroscopy. Nonlinear optics measurements reveal that SMO films, under epitaxial stress, emitt optical second harmonic generation signal, pointing to inversion symmetry being broken (necessary condition for ferroelectricity). Electric measurements were carried out to further investigate the ferroelectric nature of SMO films, thus assessing the possibility of non-d0 cations off-centring.
DescriptionResumen del trabajo presentado al "European Congress and Exhibition on Advanced Materials Processes" celebrado en Sevilla (España) del 8 al 13 de septiembre de 2013.-- et al.
Appears in Collections:(ICMM) Comunicaciones congresos
(ICMA) Comunicaciones congresos
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