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Chartreusin, elsamicin A and related anti-cancer antibiotics

AuthorsPortugal, José
Issue Date2003
PublisherBentham Science Publishers
CitationCurrent Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents 3(6): 411-420 (2003)
AbstractChartreusin and elsamicin A are structurally related antibiotics that bind to GC-rich tracts in DNA, with a clear preference for B-DNA over Z-DNA. They inhibit RNA synthesis and cause single-strand scission of DNA via the formation of free radicals. Elsamicin A can also be regarded as the most potent inhibitor of topoisomerase II reported so far. It can inhibit the formation of several DNA-protein complexes. Elsamicin A binding to the P1 and P2 promoter regions of the c-myc oncogene inhibits the binding of the Sp1 transcription factor, thus inhibiting transcription. Despite the pharmacological interest in chartreusin, elsamicin A and their derivatives, there is no experimental data on the structure of their complexes with DNA. This shortcoming has been partially solved by a theoretical approach, which provided some details about the DNA-elsamicin A interaction, and the thermodynamic characterization of the binding of chartreusin and elsamicin A to DNA. Elsamicin A but not chartreusin is being developed clinically as an anti-cancer agent. IST-622 (6-O-(3-ethoxypropylonyl -3′,4′-O-exo-benzylidene-chartreusin), a novel semi-synthetic derivative of chartreusin, which has shown a promising anti-cancer activity in a phase II study, appears to be a pro-drug with a more suitable pharmacokinetic profile than chartreusin.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1568011033482215
Identifiersdoi: 10.2174/1568011033482215
issn: 1568-0118
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