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A new bisintercalating anthracycline with picomolar DNA binding affinity

AuthorsPortugal, José ; Cashman, Derek J.; Trent, John O.; Ferrer-Miralles, Neus; Przewloka, Teresa; Fokt, Izabela; Priebe, Waldemar; Chaires, Jonathan Brad
Issue Date15-Nov-2005
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationJournal of Medicinal Chemistry 48(26): 8209-8219 (2005)
AbstractA new bisintercalating anthracycline (WP762) has been designed, in which monomeric units of daunorubicin have been linked through their amino groups on the daunosamine moieties using an m-xylenyl linker. Differential scanning calorimetry and UV melting experiments were used to measure the ultratight binding of WP762 to DNA. The binding constant for the interaction of WP762 with herring sperm DNA was determined to be 7.3 (±0.2) × 1012 M-1 at 20 °C. The large favorable binding free energy of -17.3 kcal mol-1 was found to result from a large negative enthalpic contribution of -33.8 kcal mol-1 and an opposing entropic term (-TΔS = +16.5 kcal mol-1). A comparative molecular modeling study rationalized the increased binding by the m-xylenyl linker of WP762 positioning in the DNA minor groove compared to the p-xylenyl linker found in WP631, the first bis-anthracycline of this type. The cytotoxicity of WP762 was compared to that of other anthracyclines in Jurkat T lymphocytes. These studies, together with an analysis of the cell-cycle traverse in the presence of WP762, suggest that in these cells the new drug is more cytotoxic than the structurally related WP631. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm050902g
Identifiersdoi: 10.1021/jm050902g
issn: 0022-2623
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