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Title

The influence of single-walled carbon nanotube functionalization on the electronic properties of their polyaniline composites

AuthorsLafuente, Esperanza; Callejas, M. Alicia; Sainz, Raquel; Benito, Ana M. ; Maser, Wolfgang K. ; Sanjuán, M. L.; Saurel, Damien; Teresa, Jose María de; Martínez Fernández de Landa, María Teresa
KeywordsCarbon Nanotubes
Polyaniline
Composites
Issue Date8-Aug-2008
PublisherElsevier
CitationCARBON 46 ( 2008 ) 1909 –1917
AbstractThe ‘‘in situ’’ preparation and characterization of composites of polyaniline (PANI) and single- walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are reported. To improve the dispersion and compatibility with the polymer matrix the raw SWCNTs were modified following different routes. SWCNTs oxidized by chemical or thermal treatments (nitric acid and air oxidation, respectively) were subjected to covalent functionalization with octadecylamine (ODA). SWCNT/PANI composites were prepared either from just oxidized SWCNTs, or from ODA functionalized SWCNTs. Temperature-programmed desorption, elemental analyses, ultraviolet– visible (UV–vis), UV–vis with near infrared and Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy and conductivity measurements were used to characterize the functionalized SWCNT materials, dispersions and composites. The PANI composite prepared from air oxidized SWCNTs showed the best electrical conductivity indicating a better interaction with polyaniline than ODA functionalised SWCNTs. The improvement of conductivity is attributed to the doping effect or charge transfer of quinoide rings from PANI to SWCNTs.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2008.07.039
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/12182
DOI10.1016/j.carbon.2008.07.039
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