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Field amplified separation in capillary electrophoresis (FAsCE): a capillary electrophoresis mode

AutorErny, Guillaume L.; Cifuentes, Alejandro
Fecha de publicación22-sep-2006
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
CitaciónAnalytical Chemistry 78(21): 7557-7562 (2006)
ResumenIn field amplified injection in capillary electrophoresis (CE), the capillary is filled with two buffering zones of different ionic strength; this induces an amplified electrical-field in the low ionic strength zone and a lower field in the high ionic strength zone, making sample stacking feasible. The electro-osmotic flow (eof) usually observed in CE, however, displaces the low field zone and induces an extra band broadening preventing any CE separation in the field amplified zone. These limitations have originated the restricted use of field amplification in CE only for stacking purposes. For the first time, in this work it is theoretically shown and experimentally corroborated that CE separation speed and efficiency can simultaneously be increased if the whole separation is performed in the field amplified zone, using what we have called Field Amplified Separation in Capillary Electrophoresis (FAsCE). The possibilities of this new CE mode are investigated using a new and simple coating able to provide near zero eof at the selected separation pH. Using FAsCE, improvements of 20 % for separation speed and 40 % for efficiency are achieved. Moreover, a modified FAsCE approach is investigated filling the capillary with the high ionic strength buffer up to the interior of the detection window. Under these conditions, an additional 3-fold increase in sensitivity is also observed. The most interesting results were obtained combining the short-end injection mode and this modified FAsCE approach. Under these conditions, apart of a 3-fold improvement in efficiency and sensitivity, the total analysis time was drastically reduced to 40 s, giving rise to a time reduction of more than 7-fold compared to normal CE. This speed enhancement brings about one of the fastest CE separations achieved using capillaries, demonstrating the great possibilities of FAsCE as a new, sensitive, efficient and fast CE separation mode.
Descripción6 pages, 4 figures, 2 tables.-- PMID: 17073426 [PubMed].-- Printed version published Nov 1, 2006.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac061328z
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