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Association of bromodomain BET proteins with chromatin requires dimerization through the conserved motif B

AuthorsGarcía-Gutiérrez, Pablo ; Mundi, María ; García-Domínguez, Mario
KeywordsBET proteins
Cell cycle
Issue Date1-Aug-2012
PublisherCompany of Biologists
CitationJournal of Cell Science 125(15): 3671-3680 (2012)
AbstractBET (bromodomain and extra terminal domain) family proteins are unique among bromodomain-containing proteins in that they not only associate with acetylated chromatin in interphase, but also remain attached to chromosomes during mitosis. Although the two tandem bromodomains are essential to display this behaviour, they do not suffice. In this work we report that a small conserved domain, motif B, is also required. A deletion mutant of this domain dissociates from mitotic chromosomes. However, inhibition of histone deacetylases alleviates dissociation. We also show that motif-B-dependent association with chromosomes is not restricted to mitosis. Interestingly, our results indicate that motif B constitutes a surface for homo- and hetero-dimerization between BET proteins. Finally, linked to the prominent role BET proteins play in cell proliferation, we report that ectopic expression of the family member Brd2 interferes with neuronal differentiation in P19 cells and in the vertebrate neural tube, probably because of preservation of adequate levels of cyclin A2 and cyclin D1. By contrast, a deletion mutant of motif B fails to perform in this way, highlighting the relevance of this domain for Brd2 function.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/​jcs.105841
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