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Changes in the milk and cheese fat composition of ewes fed commercial supplements containing linseed with special reference to the CLA content and isomer composition

AuthorsLuna, Pilar ; Fontecha, F. Javier ; Juárez, Manuela ; Fuente, Miguel Ángel de la
Issue Date2005
CitationLipids 40: 445- 454 (2005)
AbstractA study was carried out to increase the CLA contents in ewes' milk fat under field conditions by dietary means and to investigate the extent of the changes and consequences for milk processing and cheese quality. During a 3-mon period, ewes' bulk milk samples were collected every week from two different herds. For the first 4 wk the ewes were fed a conventional diet. Then the following 6 wk a supplement enriched in α-linolenate (whole linseed) was incorporated into the ovine diet. Finally, in the last 3 wk the feeding was the same as in the first 4 wk. The FA profile in milk fat was monitored by GC, and the distribution of CLA isomers was thoroughly tested by combining CC-MS of 4,4-dimethyloxazoline derivatives (DMOX) with silver ion-HPLC (Ag +-HPLC) of FAME. Reconstructed mass spectral profiles of CLA characteristic ions from DMOX were used to identify positional isomers, and Ag+-HPLC was used to quantify them. An increase in total CLA in milk fat was observed, and total CLA remained elevated during the weeks of enriched α-linolenate feeding. In our experimental conditions there was a linear relationship between trans-vaccenic acid (trans-11-octadecenoic acid; trans-11 18:1 ) and 9-cis,11-trans CLA in ewes' milk fat. Concerning the CLA isomer profile, increases in the 11,13- and 12,14-18:2 positional isomers were considerable when linseed was included in the diet. Organoleptic characteristics of cheeses made with CLA-enriched milk did not substantially differ from those made with nonsupplemented ewes' milk. CLA total content and isomer profile did not change during ripening. Copyright © 2005 by AOCS Press.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s11745-005-1403-3
issn: 0024-4201
Appears in Collections:(IF) Artículos
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