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Título

Effects of salinity on chlorophyll fluorescence and photosynthesis of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) grown under a triple-line-source sprinkler system in the field

AutorBelkhodja, Ramzi ; Morales Iribas, Fermín ; Abadía Bayona, Anunciación ; Medrano Gil, Hipólito ; Abadía Bayona, Javier
Fecha de publicación1999
EditorCzech Academy of Sciences
CitaciónPhotosynthetica 36: 375-387 (1999)
ResumenIn flag leaves of four cultivars of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) grown in the field under a triple-line-source sprinkler system, that produces a linear soil salinity gradient, a decrease in net carbon dioxide assimilation rate (P(N)) and stomatal conductance for water vapour (g(s)) was found. These changes were related to salinity tolerance at moderate salinity. With increasing salinity, P(N) was saturated at low irradiances and stomatal frequencies increased. A decrease in photosystem 2 (PS2) efficiency was not found in the field after dark adaptation even at high salinity. Salinity induced only small decreases in the actual PS2 efficiency at midday steady-state photosynthesis, indicating that the photosynthetic electron transport was little affected by salinity. Therefore, using PS2 efficiency estimates in attached leaves is probably not a useful tool to screen barley genotypes grown under saline conditions in the field for salinity tolerance. In contrast, excised flag leaves from high salinity plots, once in the laboratory, exhibited a decrease in the variable to maximum chlorophyll fluorescence ratio as compared to excised leaves from control plants. On the other hand, the P(N) rate might allow for a good discrimination between tolerant and non-tolerant cultivars.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/121323
DOI10.1023/A:1007019918225
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1023/A:1007019918225
issn: 0300-3604
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