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Ultrasensitive Detection of Genetically Modified Maize DNA by Capillary Gel Electrophoresis with Laser-Induced Fluorescence Using Different Fluorescent Intercalating Dyes

AutorGarcía-Cañas, Virginia ; González García, Ramón ; Cifuentes, Alejandro
Palabras claveDNA
capillary gel electrophoresis
polymerase chain reaction
transgenic maize
Bt maize
Fecha de publicación2-jul-2002
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
CitaciónJ. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50 (16), pp 4497–4502
ResumenIn this work, four different fluorescent intercalating dyes are compared for the ultrasensitive CGE−LIF detection of DNA from transgenic maize in flours. The fluorescent intercalating dyes compared are YOPRO-1, SYBR-Green-I, Ethidium bromide (EthBr), and EnhanCE. For all the four dyes optimum concentrations are established, and efficient separations of DNA fragments ranging in size from 80 to 1000 bp are obtained. The comparative study demonstrates that SYBR-Green-I and YOPRO-1 provide better limits of detection (LODs) than EnhanCE or EthBr (i.e., LODs are, respectively, 700, 1000, 11300, and 97400 zmol, calculated for a 200-bp DNA fragment). Separations using YOPRO-1 are faster than those using SYBR-Green-I (30 min vs 47 min for the analysis of the 80−1000 bp DNA fragments). Also, separations using YOPRO-1 are more efficient than those using SYBR-Green-I (e.g., 2.4 × 106 plates/m vs 1.6 × 106 plates/m, respectively, calculated for the 200-bp fragment). Also, buffer depletion and cost per analysis are worse with SYBR-Green-I than with YOPRO-1. Therefore, YOPRO-1 was selected as the preferred intercalating dye. Using this fluorescent compound, analysis time reproducibility for the CGE−LIF separation of the DNA fragments is determined to be better than 1.7% (% RSD, n = 10) within the same day, and better than 1.9% (% RSD, n = 30) for three different days. Moreover, the fluorescence signal obtained using this dye is shown to vary linearly with the DNA concentration in the range studied, i.e., 1−500 ng/μL. It is demonstrated that by using this method 0.01% of transgenic maize can be detected in flour by direct injection of the PCR-amplified sample.
Versión del editorhttp://poa64.csic.papi.rediris.es/pubs/doi/abs/10.1021/jf025585q
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