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Choice of selection environment for improving crop yields in saline areas

AuthorsIgartua Arregui, Ernesto
Issue Date1995
CitationTAG, Theoretical and applied genetics, Theoretische und angewandte Genetik 91: 1016-1021 (1995)
AbstractSpatial variability in salt-affected fields is normally very high. Thus, most salinity affected lands are actually comprised of many micro-environments, ranging from low to high salinity in the same field. The evidence on testing genotypes across a broad range of salinity levels shows that the genotype-by-salinity level interaction is commonly large. Thus, breeding for saline areas can be compared to what has been known as breeding for 'wide adaptation'. The target environments both for breeding for saline soils or for wide adaptation are actually a population of many possible environments, for which there exists a significant component of genotype-by-environment(G x E) interaction. Thus it is possible to study the merit of potential strategies for breeding for salinity tolerance using the tools that have been developed for the study of breeding for wide adaptation. The evidence from selection and breeding experiments for wide adaptation seems to favour testing on a representative subset of environments, including stress and non-stress locations; but the choice of these locations is complicated by the multidimensional nature of G x E. However, in the case of salt stress, the crop-yield response functions to salinity are well known. This paper presents an attempt to systematise the choice of the optimum environment(s) to select for improved yield under saline soil conditions, based on the three-piece linear equation presented by Maas and Hoffman (1977) and the theory of direct and indirect responses to selection. It is proposed that three saline levels should be enough to make a valid estimation of the suitability of a number of selection strategies. A worked example with data from a set of grain sorghum inbred lines tested on ten saline levels shows that the same selection strategies would be chosen using the information from the ten saline levels as that obtained using the two extremes and one intermediate level. © 1995 Springer-Verlag.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/BF00223914
issn: 0040-5752
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
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