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Sexual dimorphism in esterified steroid levels in the gastropod Marisa cornuarietis: The effect of xenoandrogenic compounds

AuthorsJaner, Gemma; Lyssimachou, Angeliki; Bachmann, Jean; Oehlmann, Jörg; Schulte-Oehlmann, Ulrike; Porte Visa, Cinta
Acyl-CoA acyltransferase
Issue Date1-Jun-2006
CitationSteroids 71(6):435-444 (2006)
AbstractMolluscs can conjugate a variety of steroids to form fatty acid esters. In this work, the freshwater ramshorn snail Marisa cornuarietis was used to investigate sex differences in endogenous levels of esterified steroids. Testosterone and estradiol were mainly found in the esterified form in the digestive gland/gonad complex of M. cornuarietis, and males had higher levels of esterified steroids than females (4–10-fold). Additionally, the ability of several xenobiotics, namely tributyltin (TBT), methyltestosterone (MT) and fenarimol (FEN) to interfere with the esterification of testosterone and estradiol was investigated. All three compounds induced imposex – appearance of male sexual characteristics in females. Exposure to TBT led to a decrease in both esterified testosterone (60–85%) and estradiol (16–53%) in females after 100 days exposure, but had no effect on males. Exposure to FEN and MT did not alter levels of esterified steroids in males or in females, although exposed females developed imposex after 150 days exposure. The decrease in esterified steroids by TBT could not be directly linked with a decrease in microsomal acyl-CoA:testosterone acyltransferase (ATAT) activity, which catalyzes the esterification of steroids. In fact, ATAT activity was marginally induced in organisms exposed to TBT for 50 days (1.3-fold), and significantly induced in males and females exposed to MT for 50 days (1.8- and 1.5-fold, respectively), whereas no effect on ATAT activity was observed after 150 days exposure.
Description10 pages, 5 figures, 2 tables.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.steroids.2006.01.012
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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