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Multi-male captive groups of endangered dama gazelle: social rank, aggression, and enclosure effects

AutorCassinello, Jorge ; Pieters, Irma
Palabras claveStress
Fecha de publicación2000
CitaciónZoo Biology 19(2): 121-129 (2000)
ResumenA study carried out in four multi-male groups of captive dama gazelle (Gazella dama mhorr) characterized the social rank order of males and possible enclosure effects on aggression rate. A strong relationship between rank and age was found. The results also showed that dominant individuals in the two smallest enclosures were more aggressive than their herdmates, suggesting a more stressful environment, which might precipitate unstable or challenged hierarchies when the animals live in a more restricted enclosure. Subordinate males performed submissive responses at a higher frequency, irrespective of the size of the enclosure. The frequency of interactions between the gazelles, on the other hand, was affected by enclosure size, since high-ranking males showed higher values than low-ranking males in the two smallest enclosures. Frequencies of aggressive acts, retreats, and related interactions were similar in all the herds. Implications for the management of the species in captivity are discussed.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1098-2361
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