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Phylogenetic relationships of North American western chubs of the genus Gila (Cyprinidae, Teleostei), with emphasis on southern species

AutorSchönhuth, Susana; Perdices, Anabel ; Lozano-Vilano, Lourdes; García-de-León, Francisco J.; Espinosa, Héctor; Mayden, Richard L.
Palabras claveWestern cyprinids
Arid–semiarid regions
Western Clade
Fecha de publicación2014
CitaciónMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 70: 210-230 (2014)
ResumenSpecies of Gila comprise a heterogeneous and widespread group of freshwater fishes inhabiting drainage systems of western North America. The classification of species of Gila and relatives has been complicated and sometimes compromised by differences in body shapes, sizes, habitats, variable taxonomic placement by early taxonomists, and instances of hypothesized hybridization. While most attention on Gila has focused on hybridization in USA, little is actually know about their intra and intergeneric relationships. We present a molecular phylogeny using 173 specimens for all 19 recognized species of Gila, covering their entire distributions in 31 major drainages. Using one mitochondrial and three nuclear genes, specimens of Gila were analyzed with 10 other North American genera that comprise the Revised Western Clade. All analyses identified most species of Gila in a lineage that always included the monotypic genera Moapa and Acrocheilus, and we recommend the synonymy of both genera with Gila. The composition of this Gila lineage varied depending on the genes analyzed. Within the Gila lineage, similar morphotypes (forms adapted to fast currents vs. general forms) were not resolved as closest relatives. Analyses of mitochondrial DNA resolved all species of Gila from Mexico in reciprocally monophyletic clades except G. modesta. Most species of Gila in the USA were nested in 3 major clades, potentially indicating some level of historic or contemporary interspecific hybridization. Herein, we redefine the ranges for all species of Gila in Mexico. Relevant taxonomic and conservation implications stemming from the results are discussed.
DescripciónReceived 8 February 2013, Revised 20 August 2013, Accepted 23 September 2013, Available online 4 October 2013
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2013.09.021
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