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Causal evidence between monsoon and evolution of rhizomyine rodents

AutorLópez-Antoñanzas, Raquel ; Knoll, Fabien ; Shiming, Wan; Lawrence, Lawrence J.
Palabras clavePalaeontology
Phylogenetics
Biogeography
Palaeoclimate
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorNature Publishing Group
CitaciónScientific Reports 5(9008) (2015)
ResumenThe modern Asian monsoonal systems are currently believed to have originated around the end of the Oligocene following a crucial step of uplift of the Tibetan-Himalayan highlands. Although monsoon possibly drove the evolution of many mammal lineages during the Neogene, no evidence thereof has been provided so far. We examined the evolutionary history of a clade of rodents, the Rhizomyinae, in conjunction with our current knowledge of monsoon fluctuations over time. The macroevolutionary dynamics of rhizomyines were analyzed within a well-constrained phylogenetic framework coupled with biogeographic and evolutionary rate studies. The evolutionary novelties developed by these rodents were surveyed in parallel with the fluctuations of the Indian monsoon so as to evaluate synchroneity and postulate causal relationships. We showed the existence of three drops in biodiversity during the evolution of rhizomyines, all of which reflected elevated extinction rates. Our results demonstrated linkage of monsoon variations with the evolution and biogeography of rhizomyines. Paradoxically, the evolution of rhizomyines was accelerated during the phases of weakening of the monsoons, not of strengthening, most probably because at those intervals forest habitats declined, which triggered extinction and progressive specialization toward a burrowing existence.
DescripciónReceived: 27 November 2014, Accepted: 11 February 2015, Published: 11 March 2015
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep09008
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/117405
DOI1038/srep09008
E-ISSN2045-2322
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