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dc.contributor.authorDrake, Abby Grace-
dc.contributor.authorCoquerelle, Michael-
dc.contributor.authorColombeau, Guillaume-
dc.date.issued2015-
dc.identifier.citationScientific Reports 5: Article 8299 (2015)es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/117403-
dc.descriptionReceived: 05 November 2014, Accepted: 14 January 2015, Published: 05 February 2015es_ES
dc.description.abstractWhether dogs were domesticated during the Pleistocene, when humans were hunter-gatherers, or during the Neolithic, when humans began to form permanent settlements and engage in agriculture, remains controversial. Recently discovered Paleolithic fossil skulls, Goyet dated 31,6801/2250 YBP and Eliseevichi MAE 447/5298 dated 13,9051/255 YBP, were previously identified as dogs. However, new genetic studies contradict the identification of these specimens as dogs, questioning the validity of traditional measurements used to morphologically identify canid fossil skulls. We employ 3D geometric morphometric analyses to compare the cranial morphology of Goyet and Eliseevichi MAE to that of ancient and modern dogs and wolves. We demonstrate that these Paleolithic canids are definitively wolves and not dogs. Compared to mesaticephalic (wolf-like breeds) dog skulls, Goyet and Eliseevichi MAE, do not have cranial flexion and the dorsal surface of their muzzles has no concavity near the orbits. Morphologically, these early fossil canids resemble wolves, and thus no longer support the establishment of dog domestication in the Paleolithic.es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupes_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher's versiones_ES
dc.rightsopenAccesses_ES
dc.subjectPalaeontologyes_ES
dc.subjectArchaeologyes_ES
dc.title3D morphometric analysis of fossil canid skulls contradicts the suggested domestication of dogs during the late Paleolithices_ES
dc.typeartículoes_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/srep08299-
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
dc.relation.publisherversionhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep08299es_ES
dc.identifier.e-issn2045-2322-
dc.rights.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/es_ES
dc.relation.csices_ES
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