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Oleanolic acid controls allergic and inflammatory responses in experimental allergic conjunctivitis

AutorCordova, Claudia; Gutiérrez, Beatriz; Martínez-García, Carmen; Martín, Rubén ; Gallego-Muñoz, Patricia; Hernández, Marita ; Nieto, María Luisa
Fecha de publicación2014
EditorPublic Library of Science
CitaciónPLoS ONE 9: e91282 (2014)
ResumenPollen is the most common aeroallergen to cause seasonal conjunctivitis. The result of allergen exposure is a strong Th2-mediated response along with conjunctival mast cell degranulation and eosinophilic infiltration. Oleanolic acid (OA) is natural a triterpene that displays strong anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties being an active anti-allergic molecule on hypersensitivity reaction models. However, its effect on inflammatory ocular disorders including conjunctivits, has not yet been addressed. Hence, using a Ragweed pollen (RWP)-specific allergic conjunctivitis (EAC) mouse model we study here whether OA could modify responses associated to allergic processes. We found that OA treatment restricted mast cell degranulation and infiltration of eosinophils in conjunctival tissue and decreased allergen-specific Igs levels in EAC mice. Th2-type cytokines, secreted phospholipase A2 type-IIA (sPLA2-IIA), and chemokines levels were also significantly diminished in the conjunctiva and serum of OA-treated EAC mice. Moreover, OA treatment also suppressed RWP-specific T-cell proliferation. In vitro studies, on relevant cells of the allergic process, revealed that OA reduced the proliferative and migratory response, as well as the synthesis of proinflammatory mediators on EoL-1 eosinophils and RBL-2H3 mast cells exposed to allergic and/or crucial inflammatory stimuli such as RWP, sPLA2-IIA or eotaxin. Taken together, these findings demonstrate the beneficial activity of OA in ocular allergic processes and may provide a new intervention strategy and potential therapy for allergic diseases. © 2014 Córdova et al.
DescripciónThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091282
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/116936
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0091282
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091282
issn: 1932-6203
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