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Transforming growth factor-α attenuates N-methyl-D-aspartic acid toxicity in cortical cultures by preventing protein synthesis inhibition through an Erk1/2-dependent mechanism

AutorPetegnief, Valérie ; Friguls, Bibiana; Sanfeliu, Coral ; Suñol, Cristina ; Planas, Anna M.
Fecha de publicación8-ago-2003
EditorAmerican Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
CitaciónJournal of Biological Chemistry 278(32): 29552-29559 (2003)
ResumenTransforming growth factor-α (TGF-α), a ligand of the epidermal growth factor receptor, reduces the infarct size after focal cerebral ischemia in rat, but the molecular basis underlying the protection is unknown. Excitotoxicity and global inhibition of translation are acknowledged to contribute significantly to the ischemic damage. Here we studied whether TGF-α can rescue neurons from excitotoxicity in vitro and how it affects calcium homeostasis, protein synthesis, and the associated Akt and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (Erk1/2) intracellular signaling pathways in mixed neuron-glia cortical cultures. We found that 100 ng/ml TGF-α attenuated neuronal cell death induced by a 30-min exposure to 35 οM N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) (as it reduced lactate dehydrogenase release, propidium iodide staining, and caspase-3 activation) and decreased the elevation of intracellular Ca2+ elicited by NMDA. TGF-α induced a prompt and sustained phosphorylation of Erk1/2 and prevented the loss of Akt-P induced by NMDA 3 h after exposure. The protective effect of TGF-α was completely prevented by PD 98059, an inhibitor of the Erk1/2 pathway. Studies of incorporation of [3H]leucine into proteins showed that NMDA decreased the rate of protein synthesis, and TGF-α attenuated this effect. TGF-α stimulated the phosphorylation of the eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) but did not affect eIF2α, two proteins involved in translation regulation. PD 98059 abrogated the TGF-α effect on eIF4E. Our data demonstrate that TGF-α exerts a neuroprotective action against NMDA toxicity, in which Erk1/2 activation plays a key role, and suggest that the underlying mechanisms involve recovery of translation inhibition, mediated at least in part by eIF4E phosphorylation.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M300661200
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1074/jbc.M300661200
issn: 0021-9258
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