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Title

Radiation-induced apoptosis in developing rats and kainic acid-induced excitotoxicity in adult rats are associated with distinctive morphological and biochemical c-Jun/AP-1 (N) expression

AuthorsFerrer, Isidre; Planas, Anna M. ; Pozas, Esther
KeywordsApoptosis
c-Jun
Kainic acid
Ionizing radiation
JNK-1
Cell death
Issue Date14-Jul-1997
PublisherElsevier
CitationNeuroscience 80(2): 449-458 (1997)
AbstractIonizing radiation produces apoptosis in the developing rat brain. Strong c-Jun immunoreactivity, as revealed with the antibody c-Jun/AP-1 (N) which is raised against the amino acids 91-105 mapping with the amino terminal domain of mouse c-Jun p39, is simultaneously observed in the nucleus and cytoplasm of apoptotic cells. Western blotting of total brain homogenates, using the same antibody, shows a p39 band in control rats which is accompanied by a strong, phosphorylated p62 double-band in irradiated animals. In addition, increased c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 expression, as found on western blots, is found in irradiated rats when compared with controls. Intraperitoneal injection of kainic acid at convulsant doses to the adult rat produces cell death with morphological features of necrosis, together with the appearance of cells with fine granular chromatin degeneration and small numbers of apoptotic-like cells, in the entorhinal and piriform cortices, basal amygdala, certain thalamic nuclei, and CA1 region of the hippocampus, c-Jun expression in kainic acid-treated rats, as revealed with the c-Jun/AP-1 (N) antibody, is found in the nuclei of a minority of cells in the same areas. The vast majority of c-Jun-immunoreactive cells have normal nuclear morphology, whereas necrotic cells are negative and only a few cells with fine granular chromatin condensation and apoptotic cells following kainic acid injection are stained with c-Jun antibodies. Western blotting, using the same antibody, shows a p39 band in control rats, which is accompanied by a band at about p26 from 6 h onwards following kainic acid injection. Decreased c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 expression, as revealed on western blots, is observed in kainic acid-treated rats. These results show that the antibody c-Jun/AP-1 (N) recognizes three different forms of c-Jun- related immunoreactivity in normal and pathological states, which are associated with the different outcome of cells. These results stress the necessity of examining in detail the composition of c-Jun-immunoreactive bands and the metabolic state of c-Jun(s) in different paradigms of cell death and survival.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0306-4522(97)00126-7
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/116810
DOI10.1016/S0306-4522(97)00126-7
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/S0306-4522(97)00126-7
issn: 0306-4522
Appears in Collections:(IIBB) Artículos
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