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Selectivity of action of pregabalin on Ca2+ channels but not on fusion pore, exocytotic machinery, or mitochondria in chromaffin cells of the adrenal gland

AutorHernández-Vivanco, Alicia; Alonso, María Teresa ; Albillos, Almudena
Fecha de publicación2012
EditorAmerican Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
CitaciónJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 342(2): 263-272 (2012)
ResumenThe present study was planned to investigate the action of pregabalin on voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels (VDCCs) and novel targets (fusion pore formed between the secretory vesicle and the plasma membrane, exocytotic machinery, and mitochondria) that would further explain its inhibitory action on neurotransmitter release. Electrophysiological recordings in the perforated-patch configuration of the patch-clamp technique revealed that pregabalin inhibits by 33.4 ± 2.4 and 39 ± 4%, respectively, the Ca2+ current charge density and exocytosis evoked by depolarizing pulses in mouse chromaffin cells. Approximately half of the inhibitory action of pregabalin was rescued by L-isoleucine, showing the involvement of α2δ-dependent and -independent mechanisms. Ca2+ channel blockers were used to inhibit Cav1, Cav2.1, and Cav2.2 channels in mouse chromaffin cells, which were unselectively blocked by the drug. Similar values of Ca2+ current charge blockade were obtained when pregabalin was tested in human or bovine chromaffin cells, which express very different percentages of VDCC types with respect to mouse chromaffin cells. These results demonstrate that the inhibitory action of pregabalin on VDCCs and exocytosis does not depend on α1 Ca2+ channel subunit types. Carbon fiber amperometric recordings of digitonin-permeabilized cells showed that neither the fusion pore nor the exocytotic machinery were targeted by pregabalin. Mitochondrial Ca2+ measurements performed with mitochondrial ratiometric pericam demonstrated that Ca2+ uptake or release from mitochondria were not affected by the drug. The selectivity of action of pregabalin might explain its safety, good tolerability, and reduced adverse effects. In addition, the inhibition of the exocytotic process in chromaffin cells might have relevant clinical consequences. Copyright © 2012 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.
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Identificadoresdoi: 10.1124/jpet.111.190652
issn: 0022-3565
e-issn: 1521-0103
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