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Purification and characterization of tyrosine decarboxylase of Lactobacillus brevis IOEB 9809 isolated from wine

AuthorsMoreno-Arribas, M. Victoria ; Lonvaud-Funel, A.
KeywordsTyrosine decarboxylase
Lactic acid bacterium
Lactobacillus brevis
Issue Date2001
PublisherFederation of European Microbiological Societies
CitationFEMS Microbiology Letters. 2001. 195 (1): 103-107
AbstractTyrosine decarboxylase (EC (TDC) from the wine Lactobacillus brevis is IOEB 9809 was purified by a rapid procedure involving anion exchange chromatography, ultrafiltration and hydrophobic interaction chromatography. The protein comprised two subunits of identical molecular mass (approximatelly 70 000 Da). Enzyme activity was dependent on exogenously supplied pyridosal 5'-phosphate and the enzyme was stable at 4 degreesC in the presence or the coenzyme. Optimum pH for the purr enzyme was 5.0. At this pH. TDC exhibited Michaelis-Menten kinetics (K-m 0.63 mM, V-max 998 units) and uas highly substrate-specific for L-tyrosine. Other amino acids and L-DOPA are not converted by the protein. Tyramine acted as a mixed non-competitive inhibitor. Significant similarities in some biochemical properties were observed with the corresponding decarboxylase enzyme or Streptococcus faecalis, the sole bacterial TDC described to date. (C) 2001 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.2001.tb10505.x
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