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Collecting and preliminary evaluation of local maize in northern Spain

AuthorsÁlvarez Rodríguez, Ángel ; Lasa Dolhagaray, José Manuel
Issue Date1994
PublisherFood and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations
International Plant Genetic Resources Institute
CitationPlant Genetic Resources Newsletter 100: 21 (1994)
AbstractMaize seeds first arrived in Spain in 1493 after the first voyage of Columbus to Central America (Brandolini 1970). Since the second half of the l6th century, maize has been an important crop in Spain. Originally Central and South- em American settled in these areas and since then an adaptation process to environment and human preferences has followed and, as a result, a good set of local landraces has been attained. Until the end of the 1960s farmers were using this kind of local maize, but new varieties have been introduced in several areas resulting in a considerable erosion of germplasm resources (Ordás et al. 1987). Therefore, the collection and evaluation of local maize was a clear necessity, as well as its use in breeding programmes to increase the genetic variability (Lonnquist 1974).
Description1 Pag.- 1 Tabl.
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