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High surface - highly N-doped carbons from hydrothermally-treated tannin

AuthorsBraghiroli, Flavia L.; Fierro, Vanessa; Izquierdo Pantoja, María Teresa ; Parmentier, Julien; Pizzi, Antonio; Delmotte, Luc; Fioux, Philippe; Celzard, Alain
KeywordsHydrothermal carbonisation
Aminated tannin
Nitrogen-doped carbon materials
Carbon gels
Issue Date1-Apr-2015
CitationIndustrial Crops and Products 66 : 282-290 (2015)
AbstractNitrogen-doped carbon materials (NCMs) were obtained by amination of tannin by hydrothermal carbonisation (HTC). NCMs presented different morphologies depending on the amination method: (i) powders by HTC of tannin in a concentrated aqueous ammonia solution; (ii) gels without using any crosslinker by HTC in distilled water of tannin first dissolved in concentrated ammonia and then evaporated. Whatever the method, (i) or (ii), HTC was carried out at different temperatures: 180, 190, 200, 210 or 220°C, with further pyrolysis at 900°C under nitrogen. The morphology and chemical composition of the resultant materials were discussed. We compared our results with those reported in the open literature and we concluded that HTC of tannin in a concentrated aqueous ammonia solution allowed obtaining outstanding materials because they have both surface areas, higher than 500 m2 g-1, and high N content, around 8 wt.%.
Publisher version (URL)htpp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.11.022
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