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Effect of heat treatment on the proteolytic activity of mesophilic bacteria isolated from goats' milk cheese

AutorAsensio, C.; Gómez, R.; Peláez, Carmen
Fecha de publicación1995
CitaciónLetters in Applied Microbiology 21: 25- 30 (1995)
ResumenStrains of mesophilic lactococci and lactobacilli isolated from goats' milk cheese were grown to maximum density in milk at 30°C, pH 6.5. They were subsequently cooled to 12°C and then heated at 50°, 52° and 54°C (holding time, 15 s). The micro-organisms tested were Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis IFPL 60, IFPL 22 and IFPL 359, Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei IFPL 731 and Lactobacillus plantarum IFPL 3, isolated from raw goats' milk cheese. The heated cells presented lower viability and acidification capacity than unheated cells. After heat treatment at 50°C, all the test strains effected practically no reduction in pH of milk (6 h), except for Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis IFPL 60, which reduced pH to 5.9 as compared to 4-9 attained by the unheated controls. After treatment, proteolytic, aminopeptidase and dipeptidase activities of cell-free extracts decreased to a lesser extent than the number of viable cells with acidifying ability. The results suggest that these strains, if treated at 50°C, may be suitable as extra sources of important ripening enzymes in cheese making.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.1995.tb00999.x
issn: 0266-8254
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