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On the use of ball milling to develop poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate)-graphene nanocomposites (II) - Mechanical, barrier, and electrical properties

AuthorsAmbrosio-Martín, Jesús CSIC; Gorrasi, Giuliana; López-Rubio, Amparo CSIC ORCID; Fabra, María José CSIC ORCID; Mas, L. C.; López-Manchado, Miguel A. CSIC ORCID; Lagarón Cabello, José María CSIC ORCID
KeywordsBiopolymers & renewable polymers
Graphene and fullerenes
Issue Date2015
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationJournal of Applied Polymer Science 132 (2015)
AbstractIn this work, poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) nanocomposites containing functionalized graphene sheets (FGS) were prepared by means of high-energy ball milling. The crystalline structure, oxygen barrier, mechanical and electrical properties, and biodegradability of the developed nanocomposites were analyzed and correlated with the amount of FGS incorporated and with their morphology, which was reported in a previous study. Addition of FGS into the PHBV matrix did not affect the crystal morphology of the material but led to somewhat enhanced crystallinity. The good dispersion and distribution of the nanofiller within the polymeric matrix, revealed in the first part of this study, was thought to be crucial for the mechanical reinforcing effect of FGS and also resulted in enhanced gas barrier properties at high relative humidity. Additionally, the conducting behavior of the nanocomposites, as interpreted by the percolation theory, displayed a very low percolation threshold set at ∼0.3 vol % of FGS, while the materials exhibited an overall significantly enhanced conductivity.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1002/app.42217
issn: 0021-8995
e-issn: 1097-4628
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(IATA) Artículos
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