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Signature of an early genetic bottleneck in a population of Moroccan sardines (Sardina pilchardus)

AutorAtarhouch, Touriya; Rüber, Lukas; González, Elena G. ; Albert, Eva M. ; Rami, Mohamed; Dakkak, Allal; Zardoya, Rafael
Palabras claveSardine
Bayesian skyline
Population genetics
Mitochondrial control region
Fecha de publicación2006
CitaciónMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39(2): 373-383 (2006)
ResumenFishery assessment models meant to determine sustainability of commercial marine Wsh failed to predict recent stock collapses due to overexploitation. One Xaw of assessment models is that they strongly rely on catch and age-composition statistics, but largely ignore the genetic background of the studied populations. We examined population genetic structure of sardine (Sardina pilchardus) in the centraleastern and northeastern Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea to aid Wshery management of this heavily Wshed small pelagic species. We found that sardine has a striking mitochondrial control region, and sequenced a fragment of 387 bp of its 5 -end in 261 individuals collected oV the coasts of Morocco (Dakhla, Tantan, SaW, Larache, and Nador), Portugal (Quarteira), Spain (Pasajes, Barcelona), and Greece (Kavala). High levels of haplotypic diversity rendered a rather unresolved NJ phylogeny. The recovered tree had no phylogeographic structuring except for the clustering of 13 individuals of SaW. In contrast, individuals grouped together according to the presence or absence of a 13-bp insertion in the sequence. ST pairwise comparisons and molecular variance analyses supported genetic diVerentiation between the population of Pasajes (Bay of Biscay), and those of the Mediterranean Sea and Moroccan coast, with a contact zone around the Strait of Gibraltar. This result conWrms the existence of two subspecies, S. pilchardus pilchardus and S. pilchardus sardina that were previously identiWed based on meristics and morphometry. Mismatch distribution analysis showed that sardine populations are expanding since the Pleistocene. Surprisingly, the population of SaW showed strong and statistically signiWcant levels of genetic diVerentiation that could be related with isolation and genetic drift. Comparative analysis of the SaW population versus the rest including mismatch distributions, and a Bayesian skyline plot suggest that the SaW population likely underwent an early genetic bottleneck. The genetic singularity of the SaW population could have been responsible for the historical collapse of this sardine stock in the 1970s.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2005.08.003
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