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Seasonal dynamics of upper sublittoral assemblages on Mediterranean rocky shores along a eutrophication gradient

AutorPinedo, Susana ; Arévalo, Raquel ; Ballesteros, Enric
Palabras claveMacroalgae
Seasonal dynamics
Mediterranean sea
Fecha de publicación2015
CitaciónEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 161 : 93-101 (2015)
ResumenChanges in the seasonal dynamics of Mediterranean macroalgal-dominated assemblages from the upper sublittoral zone are described along a gradient of sewage pollution. Algal coverage and composition were measured for more than one year at approximately monthly intervals. Nutrients concentrations (nitrites, nitrates, ammonia and phosphates) showed different seasonal patterns depending on the distance to the pollution focus. Ulva-dominated assemblages appearing close to the sewage outfall showed maximal coverage during early spring and started to decrease in May. Corallina-dominated assemblages - replacing ulvacean algae at intermediate levels of pollution - followed the same pattern, peaking in March and decreasing in May. In contrast, Cystoseira-dominated assemblages, present at sites with low or no influence of sewage, increased coverage in May and continued with high coverage until the end of summer. Neither ephemeral algae (Ulva spp.), nor stress-tolerant algae (Corallina elongata), nor canopyforming algae (Cystoseira spp.) have a seasonal growth cycle governed by eutrophication. Results demonstrate also that the period from May to July is the best time of the year for Water Framework Directive (WFD) monitoring purposes as less variability is observed within the assemblages.
Descripción9 páginas, 1 tabla, 6 figuras.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2015.05.004
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