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Inputs and distributions of synthetic musk fragrances in an estuarine and coastal environment; a case study

AutorSumners, Nicola R.; Guitart, Carlos ; Fuentes, Gustavo; Readman, James W.
Palabras claveUK
Final effluent
Fecha de publicación1-ene-2010
CitaciónEnvironmental Pollution 158(1): 215-222 (2010)
ResumenSynthetic musks are ubiquitous contaminants in the environment. Compartmental distributions (dissolved, suspended particle associated and sedimentary) of the compounds throughout an axial estuarine transect and in coastal waters are reported. High concentrations of Galaxolide® (HHCB) and Tonalide® (AHTN) (987–2098 ng/L and 55–159 ng/L, respectively) were encountered in final effluent samples from sewage treatment plants (STPs) discharging into the Tamar and Plym Estuaries (UK), with lower concentrations of Celestolide® (ADBI) (4–13 ng/L), Phantolide® (AHMI) (6–9 ng/L), musk xylene (MX) (4–7 ng/L) and musk ketone (MK) (18–30 ng/L). Rapid dilution from the outfalls is demonstrated with resulting concentrations of HHCB spanning from 5 to 30 ng/L and those for AHTN from 3 to 15 ng/L. The other musks were generally not detected in the estuarine and coastal waters. The suspended particulate matter (SPM) and sedimentary profiles and compositions (HHCB:AHTN ratios) generally reflect the distribution in the water column with highest concentrations adjacent to sewage outfalls
Descripción8 pages, 3 figures, 3 tables
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2009.07.018
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2009.07.018
issn: 0269-7491
e-issn: 1873-6424
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