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Title

Seagrass ecosystem response to long-term high CO2 in a Mediterranean volcanic vent

AuthorsApostolaki, Eugenia T.; Vizzini, Salvatrice; Hendriks, Iris E. ; Olsen, Ylva S.
KeywordsPH
Photosynthesis
Ocean acidification
Carbon cycling
Carbon sequestration
Metabolism
Issue DateAug-2014
PublisherElsevier
CitationMarine Environmental Research 99: 9-15 (2014)
AbstractWe examined the long-term effect of naturally acidified water on a Cymodocea nodosa meadow growing at a shallow volcanic CO2 vent in Vulcano Island (Italy). Seagrass and adjacent unvegetated habitats growing at a low pH station (pH = 7.65 ± 0.02) were compared with corresponding habitats at a control station (pH = 8.01 ± 0.01). Density and biomass showed a clear decreasing trend at the low pH station and the below- to above-ground biomass ratio was more than 10 times lower compared to the control. C content and δ13C of leaves and epiphytes were significantly lower at the low pH station. Photosynthetic activity of C. nodosa was stimulated by low pH as seen by the significant increase in Chla content of leaves, maximum electron transport rate and compensation irradiance. Seagrass community metabolism was intense at the low pH station, with significantly higher net community production, respiration and gross primary production than the control community, whereas metabolism of the unvegetated community did not differ between stations. Productivity was promoted by the low pH, but this was not translated into biomass, probably due to nutrient limitation, grazing or poor environmental conditions. The results indicate that seagrass response in naturally acidified conditions is dependable upon species and geochemical characteristics of the site and highlight the need for a better understanding of complex interactions in these environments. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2014.05.008
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/115512
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2014.05.008
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2014.05.008
issn: 1879-0291
Appears in Collections:(IMEDEA) Artículos
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