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The Role of Gln(61) in HRas GTP Hydrolysis: A Quantum Mechanics/Molecular Mechanics Study

AuthorsMartín-García, Fernando ; Mendieta, Jesús ; López-Viñas, Eduardo; Gómez-Puertas, Paulino ; Mendieta, Jesús
Issue DateJan-2012
PublisherBiophysical Society
CitationBiophysical Journal 102 (1): 152- 157 (2012)
AbstractActivation of the water molecule involved in GTP hydrolysis within the HRas RasGAP system is analyzed using a tailored approach based on hybrid quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) simulation. A new path emerges: transfer of a proton from the attacking water molecule to a second water molecule, then a different proton is transferred from this second water molecule to the GTP. Gln 61 will stabilize the transient OH and H 3 O þ molecules thus generated. This newly proposed mechanism was generated by using, for the first time to our knowledge, the entire HRas-RasGAP protein complex in a QM/MM simulation context. It also offers a rational explanation for previous experimental results regarding the decrease of GTPase rate found in the HRas Q61A mutant and the increase exhibited by the HRas Q61E mutant.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.bpj.2011.11.4005
issn: 0006-3495
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