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Climate change conditions (elevated CO2 and temperature) and UV-B radiation affect grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv. Tempranillo) leaf carbon assimilation, altering fruit ripening rates

AuthorsMartínez-Lüscher, Johann; Morales Iribas, Fermín CSIC ORCID; Sánchez-Díaz, Manuel CSIC ORCID; Delrot, Serge; Aguirreolea, Jone; Gomès, Eric; Pascual Elizalde, Inmaculada
KeywordsClimate change
UV-B radiation
Carbon assimilation
Cross tolerance
Issue DateJul-2015
CitationPlant Science 236: 168-176 (2015)
AbstractThe increase in grape berry ripening rates associated to climate change is a growing concern for wine makers as it rises the alcohol content of the wine. The present work studied the combined effects of elevated CO2, temperature and UV-B radiation on leaf physiology and berry ripening rates. Three doses of UV-B: 0, 5.98, 9.66 kJ m−2 d−1, and two CO2–temperature regimes: ambient CO2-24/14 °C (day/night) (current situation) and 700 ppm CO2-28/18 °C (climate change) were imposed to grapevine fruit-bearing cuttings from fruit set to maturity under greenhouse-controlled conditions. Photosynthetic performance was always higher under climate change conditions. High levels of UV-B radiation down regulated carbon fixation rates. A transient recovery took place at veraison, through the accumulation of flavonols and the increase of antioxidant enzyme activities. Interacting effects between UV-B and CO2–temperature regimes were observed for the lipid peroxidation, which suggests that UV-B may contribute to palliate the signs of oxidative damage induced under elevated CO2–temperature. Photosynthetic and ripening rates were correlated. Thereby, the hastening effect of climate change conditions on ripening, associated to higher rates of carbon fixation, was attenuated by UV-B radiation.
Description9 Pags.- 3 Tabls.- 4 Figs.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2015.04.001
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
(ICVV) Artículos
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