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The seismic structure of crust formed in back-arc spreading centers

AuthorsGrevemeyer, Ingo; Ranero, César R.
Issue Date15-Oct-2014
Citation16TH SEISMIX International Symposium on Multi-scale Seismic Imaging of the Earth's crust and Upper Mantle. Abstracts: 61 (2014)
AbstractAbout 3/4 of the Earth crust and most past subducted crust have been formed at oceanic spreading centers. Seismic experiments on oceanic crust that underlies most of the world ocean basins have defined a ubiquitous three-velocity-layers structure. Layer 1 is identified as sediment, but interpretation of layers 2 and 3 has remained a topic of intense research for more than half century. The nature of oceanic crust at basins has been mainly inferred from indirect geophysical measurements and rocks sampled at the seafloor. Current models propose that the formation of oceanic crust at mid ocean ridges (MOR) –away from hotspot anomalies- is essentially controlled by the rate of plate separation, with crustal types classified as ultraslow, slow, intermediate, and fast spreading crust. We present the first modern extensive seismic study of back-arc oceanic crust providing constrains on accretion processes. The depth-velocity distribution of back-arc crust resembles MOR layered structure, but velocities are systematically different to MOR crust formed at any spreading rate. In particular, Layer 3 display lower velocities, indicating either a considerable different rock composition or deformation process. Integrating our observations with data from other back-arc basins of the world indicates a considerable variety of crustal velocities. The seismic structure of the crust indicates that back-arc spreading represents a class of spreading in its own
Description16TH SEISMIX International Symposium on Multi-scale Seismic Imaging of the Earth's crust and Upper Mantle, 12-17 October 2014, Castelldefels, Barcelona.-- 1 page
Publisher version (URL)http://www.iplusdinnova.com/es/conference/16th-seismix-international-symposium
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Comunicaciones congresos
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