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Analysis by DC –EPG of the resistance to Bemisia tabaci  on a Mi-tomato line

AuthorsJiang, Y-X.; Nombela, Gloria ; Muñiz, Mariano
KeywordsBemisia tabaci
Mi gene
resistance mechanisms
Hemiptera, Aleyrodidae
Issue Date2001
CitationEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 99(3): 295-302
AbstractThe tomato Mi gene confers resistance to nematodes, Meloidogyne spp., and to the potato aphid,  Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas). Previous greenhouse choice assays with Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) showed that tomato commercial varieties carrying this gene had significantly lower values of host suitability and whitefly reproduction than varieties lacking Mi. This indicated that Mi, or another gene in its region, could regulate partial resistance. In order to characterise this resistance, probing and feeding behaviour of Bemisia tabaci B-biotype was studied with DC Electrical Penetration Graph (EPG) technique on the near-isogenic tomato lines Moneymaker (without Mi) and Motelle (carrying Mi). Significant differences (P<0.05) between tomato lines were found in EPG parameters related to epidermis and/or mesophyll tissues. On Motelle, a lower percentage of whiteflies achieved phloem phase and they made more probes before attaining first phloem phase, had a higher ratio (number of probes before first phloem phase)/(total number of probes), had a longer total duration of non-probing time, and a longer time before making the first intracellular puncture and before making the first phloem phase. In contrast, most of the parameters related to phloem phase were found not to differ significantly between these near-isogenic lines. The behavioural data strongly suggest that the partial resistance in the variety Motelle is due to factors in the epidermis and/or mesophyll that inhibit the whiteflies from reaching phloem sieve elements.  However, once the stylets reach a sieve element, whitefly behaviour did not differ between the two varieties.  Thus, phloem sap of the two varieties appears to be equally acceptable to the whiteflies. Further studies are necessary to provide a better understanding of these mechanisms of resistance to whiteflies in tomatoes.
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