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Title

Characterization of sunflower oils obtained separately by pressing and subsequent solvent extraction from a new line of seeds rich in phytosterols and conventional seeds

AuthorsAguirre-González, Marta R. ; Velasco, Joaquín ; Ruiz Méndez, Mª Victoria
Issue Date2014
PublisherJohn Libbey Eurotext
CitationOCL - Oleagineux Corps Gras Lipides 21: d605 (2014)
AbstractIn this study we evaluate the chemical composition of sunflower oils obtained separately by pressing and subsequent solvent extraction from a new seeds rich in phytosterols (IASP-18) and conventional seeds (HA-89). Results have shown that the total content of oil was much lower in the IASP-18 (18.1%) than in the conventional (37.5%) seeds. The extraction yield obtained by pressing was as low as 3% in the IASP-18 seeds and 37.5% in HA-89, while in the solvent extraction it was of the same order (~18 wt% on seeds extracted by pressing) for the two types of seeds. No significant changes in the fatty acid composition were found between the oils extracted by the two procedures, but the pressed oils presented significantly lower acidity and larger content of the unsaponifiable fraction. Expressed as free sterols, the total sterols were 37¿38% more concentrated in the oils extracted with solvent, reaching amounts of 13¿700 and 6500 mg/kg in the IASP-18 and HA-89 oils, respectively. No substantial differences were found in the composition of total sterols analysed as free sterols between the oils extracted with the two procedures, but the contents of free sterols and sterol glycosides were much higher in the oils extracted with solvent.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/114744
DOI10.1051/ocl/2014033
Identifiersdoi: 10.1051/ocl/2014033
issn: 1258-8210
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