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Inside the Redbox: Applications of haematology in wildlife monitoring and ecosystem health assessment

AutorMaceda-Veiga, Alberto; Figuerola, Jordi ; Martínez-Silvestre, A.; Viscor, Ginés; Ferrari, Nicola; Pacheco, Mário
Palabras claveBio-monitoring
Wildlife diseases
Plasma biochemistry
Blood smear
Differential leukocyte count
Animal welfare
Fecha de publicación2015
CitaciónScience of the Total Environment, 514: 322-332 (2015)
ResumenBlood analyses have great potential in studies of ecology, ecotoxicology and veterinary science inwild vertebrates based on advances in human and domestic animalmedicine. The major caveat for field researchers, however, is that the ‘rules’ for human or domestic animal haematology do not always apply towildlife. The present overview shows the strengths and limitations of blood analyses inwild vertebrates, and proposes a standardisation of preanalytical procedures plus some suggestions for a more systematic examination of blood smears to increase the diagnostic value of blood data. By discussing the common problems that field researchers face with blood variables, we also aim to highlight common ground enabling new researchers in the field to accurately collect blood samples and interpret and place their haematological findings into the overall picture of an ecological or eco-toxicological study. Besides showing the practicality and ecological relevance of simple blood variables, this study illustrates the suitability of blood samples for the application of cutting-edge analytical procedures for expanding the current repertoire of diagnostic tools inwildlifemonitoring and ecosystemhealth assessment
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.02.004
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