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Título

Polymorphisms in VvPel associate with variation in berry texture and bunch size in the grapevine

AutorVargas, Alba M.; Fajardo, C.; Borrego, J.; Andrés, M. Teresa de; Ibáñez Marcos, Javier
Palabras claveAssociation genetics
Berry firmness
Vitis vinifera L
Pectate lyase
Table grape
Bunch architecture
Fecha de publicaciónjun-2013
EditorJohn Wiley & Sons
CitaciónAustralian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 19(2): 193-207 (2013)
Resumen[Background and Aims] The identification of the genes involved in traits of interest is one of the main aims of current plant genetic studies. Although berry texture is a quality trait of great importance in table grapes, no quantitative trait loci or related gene has been described for this trait so far.
[Methods and Results] In this work, the gene VvPel, which codes for a pectate lyase in the grapevine, was selected as a candidate gene for an association study. This gene was sequenced in a core collection of 96 table grape accessions, which was also characterised for several bunch and berry morphological traits, including diverse texture parameters measured by means of a texture meter. The population structure, the nucleotide and haplotype diversity, the protein structure, the existence of selection, and the linkage disequilibrium (LD) were evaluated. Thirty-two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 15 haplotypes were identified in the VvPel sequence, and LD was low enough to provide a high-resolution power. Some of the polymorphisms associated significantly with texture parameters and with bunch size, explaining part of the variation found for those traits.
[Conclusions] Among the polymorphisms found in the gene VvPel, S1027 and S405/S441 in relation to berry texture, and S48/S1030 in relation to bunch size, are the most promising and would need to be investigated further as putative causal polymorphisms or markers for the respective traits.
[Significance of the Study] The present work is the first genetic study on berry texture in the grapevine, and constitutes a starting point for a deeper understanding of the genetic basis of the natural variation for berry texture and bunch size. © 2013 Australian Society of Viticulture and Oenology Inc.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajgw.12029
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/114436
DOI10.1111/ajgw.12029
Identificadoresissn: 1322-7130
e-issn: 1755-0238
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