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Oxygen in the alveolar air space mediates lung inflammation in acute pancreatitis

AuthorsGranell, Susana; Serrano-Mollar, Anna ; Folch-Puy, Emma ; Navajas, Daniel; Farré, Ramon; Bulbena, Oriol ; Closa, Daniel
Xanthine oxidase
Free radicals
Issue Date2004
CitationFree Radical Biology and Medicine 37(10): 1640-1647 (2004)
AbstractDuring the early stages of acute pancreatitis, acute respiratory distress syndrome often occurs. This is associated with the release of proinflammatory mediators into the blood, but it remains unclear why these mediators induce inflammation especially in the lung. One of the first events occurring during the progression of acute pancreatitis is the induction of P-selectin expression in the endothelial cells of the lung. This expression has been associated with the generation of superoxide radicals by circulating xanthine oxidase. Because this enzyme needs molecular oxygen to perform the reaction, we have hypothesized that oxygen present in the alveolar space favors the generation of free radicals by xanthine oxidase and explains why P-selectin is expressed only in the lung. For this purpose, we evaluated the progression of the inflammatory process in rats with induced acute pancreatitis and one lung breathing nitrogen while the other lung continued breathing air. Acute pancreatitis was induced by intraductal administration of taurocholate and myeloperoxidase; P-selectin expression was measured 3 h after induction. Results indicated that, in the absence of oxygen in the alveolar space, the xanthine oxidase-dependent P-selectin expression did not occur and lung inflammation was significantly reduced. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2004.07.036
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2004.07.036
issn: 0891-5849
Appears in Collections:(IIBB) Artículos
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