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Experimental evidence for inherent Lévy search behaviour in foraging animals

AutorKölzsch, Andrea; Alzate, Adriana; Bartumeus, Frederic ; de Jager, Monique; Weerman, Ellen J.; Hengeveld, Geerten M.; Naguib, Marc; Nolet, Bart A.; van de Koppel, Johan
Palabras claveLévy walk
Multi-scale search behaviour
Composite Brownian motion
Area-restricted search cluster,
Landscape heterogeneity
Hydrobia ulvae
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorRoyal Society (Great Britain)
CitaciónProceedings of the Royal Society of London B 282 : 20150424 (2015)
ResumenRecently, Lévy walks have been put forward as a new paradigm for animal search and many cases have been made for its presence in nature. However, it remains debated whether Le´vy walks are an inherent behavioural strategy or emerge from the animal reacting to its habitat. Here, we demonstrate signatures of Le´vy behaviour in the search movement of mud snails (Hydrobia ulvae) based on a novel, direct assessment of movement properties in an experimental set-up using different food distributions. Our experimental data uncovered clusters of small movement steps alternating with long moves independent of food encounter and landscape complexity. Moreover, size distributions of these clusters followed truncated power laws. These two findings are characteristic signatures of mechanisms underlying inherent Le´vy-like movement. Thus, our study provides clear experimental evidence that such multi-scale movement is an inherent behaviour rather than resulting from the animal interacting with its environment.
Descripción9 páginas, 5 figuras, 1 tabla
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2015.0424
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