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Título

Synthesis and evaluation of hydroxymethylaminocyclitols as glycosidase inhibitors

Autor Trapero, Ana; Egido-Gabás, Meritxell; Bujons, Jordi; Llebaria, Amadeu
Fecha de publicación 2015
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
Citación Journal of Organic Chemistry 80: 3512-3529 (2015)
ResumenFour series of C7N aminocyclitol analogues of glucose were synthesized by stereocontrolled epoxide opening of hydroxyl protected forms of the cyclohexane epoxides cyclophellitol and 1,6-epi-cyclophellitol. The resulting hydroxymethyl substituted aminocyclitols were tested as glycosidase inhibitors. Cyclitols having an amino group in an α configuration at a position equivalent to the anomeric in the sugar were found to be low micromolar inhibitors of the α-glucosidase from baker's yeast with Ki's near to 2 μM. On the other hand, N-octyl aminocyclitols having the nitrogen substituents in an α or β configuration were found to be good inhibitors of recombinant β-glucocerebrosidase with Ki values between 8.3 and 17 μM, and also inhibited lysosomal β-glucosidase activity in live cells at low-micromolar concentrations. A computational docking study suggests a differential binding among the different series of β-glucocerebrosidase inhibitors. In agreement with the experimental results, the binding poses obtained indicate that the presence of an alkyl lipid substituent in the inhibitor mimicking one of the lipid chains in the substrate is critical for potency. In contrast, the matching of hydroxymethyl substituents in the aminocyclitols and the parent glucosylceramide does not seem to be strictly necessary for potent inhibition, indicating the risk of simplifying structural analogies in sugar mimetic design.
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/113977
DOI10.1021/acs.joc.5b00133
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1021/acs.joc.5b00133
issn: 0022-3263
e-issn: 1520-6904
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