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Ovarian self-incompatibility in Narcissus papyraceus (Amaryllidaceae) is the result of a pre-zygotic response

AuthorsSimon-Porcar, Violeta I.; Castro, Alejandra de; Herrero Romero, María CSIC ORCID; Arroyo, Juan
Ovule degeneration
Pollen tube growth
Stylar dimorphism
Issue DateApr-2015
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationBotanical Journal of the Linnean Society 177(4): 629-643 (2015)
AbstractOvarian self-incompatibility, including pre- and post-zygotic reactions, is a complex mechanism for which we still lack many details relating to its function and significance. The joint presence of ovarian self-incompatibility with style polymorphism is a rare combination that is found in the genus Narcissus. Usually, style polymorphic species have heteromorphic (diallelic and linked to style length locus) incompatibility, which prevents fertilization between individuals of the same morph, thereby helping to maintain equal proportions of floral morphs in populations. However, when present, self-incompatibility in Narcissus is not linked to style polymorphism and cross-fertilization within each morph is possible. Hence, self-incompatibility in Narcissus is of particular interest when attempting to unravel the nature of the rejection reaction and aiming to assess possible cryptic differences in the fertilization process in intra-and inter-morph crosses, which might ultimately explain the wide variation of morph-ratio in the field. We examined the breeding system of Narcissus papyraceus, a style-dimorphic species that has biased morph ratios in most of its populations. We studied pollen-tube growth in the pistil and ovule fate after experimentally controlled hand pollinations. The growth of pollen tubes in self-and intra-and inter-morph crosses was similar up to the point of micropyle penetration in both morphs but, subsequently, a pre-zygotic failure appeared to affect male and female gametophytes in selfed pistils. A high proportion of ovules from self-pollinated flowers showed signs of collapse and self-pollen tubes were blocked or behaved abnormally before entering the embryo sac. Self-incompatibility was stronger in the long-styled morph than in the short-styled morph. We did not find any conclusive sign of differential functioning between intra-and inter-morph cross-pollinations in any morph. These results enable us to rule out the possible effects of pollen-pistil interactions in N. papyraceus as a cause of morph-ratio biases and confirm the exceptional nature of the self-incompatibility mechanism in this polymorphic species. (C) 2015 The Linnean Society of London.
Description15 Pags.- 2 Tabls.- 7 Figs.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/boj.12254
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Artículos
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