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Title

Seasonal variability of NO3 - mobilization during flood events in a Mediterranean catchment: The influence of intensive agricultural irrigation

AuthorsDarwiche-Criado, Nadia ; Comín, Francisco A. ; Sorando, Ricardo ; Sánchez-Pérez, José Miguel
KeywordsNitrate transport
Hysteresis
Irrigation return flows
Flood events
Agricultural practices
Issue Date2015
PublisherElsevier
CitationAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 200: 208-218 (2015)
Abstract© 2014 Elsevier B.V. The temporal variability, hysteresis loops and various factors involved in the mobilization of nitrates (NO3 -) have been studied for a 3-year period at the Flumen River basin. Multivariate techniques (cluster analysis and pearson correlation matrix) were used to establish the relationship between the water discharge and NO3 - flushing, as well as to identify the agricultural and hydrometeorological parameters that influence its different mobilization trends. The relationship between changes in the NO3 - concentration (δC) and the overall dynamic of each hysteresis loop (δR) was also analyzed in order to describe the NO3 - trends according to the water discharge. A general dilution pattern of the NO3 - concentration was noted in the Flumen River with respect to the degree of water discharge caused by irrigation return flows. While fertilization increased the NO3 - concentration, the beginning of the irrigation season contributed to its dilution. However, in case of the NO3 - load, the maximum values occurred during high flow periods in the irrigation period, which suggested the influence of the irrigation flow on the NO3 - mass. The NO3 - load increased to 2753t and 1059t during the first and second phases of the study period, respectively, with an average specific yield of 1.33tkm-2 y-1. The NO3 - transport in the first phase of the study was 1722t during the irrigation season and 1031t during the non-irrigation period. Only 348t (13%) of NO3 - was exported during the flood events. However, in the course of the second phase of the study, the NO3 - load was 733t during the irrigation season and 326t during the non-irrigation period. In this case, 610t (57%) of nitrate was transported during the floods. These results revealed the clear influence of irrigation return flows on the NO3 - response in Flumen River.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2014.11.002
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/113600
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2014.11.002
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.agee.2014.11.002
issn: 0167-8809
Appears in Collections:(IPE) Artículos
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