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Competitive adsorption of ibuprofen and amoxicillin mixtures from aqueous solution on activated carbons

AutorMansouri, Hayet; Jiménez Carmona, Rocío ; Gomis Berenguer, Alicia ; Souissi-Najar, Souad; Ouederni, Abdelmottaleb; Ovín Ania, María Concepción
Palabras claveCompetitive adsorption
Binary mixtures
Dynamic breakthrough experiments
Real wastewater
Fecha de publicacióndic-2014
CitaciónJournal of Colloid and Interface Science 449: 252-260 (2015)
ResumenThis work investigates the competitive adsorption under dynamic and equilibrium conditions of ibuprofen (IBU) and amoxicillin (AMX), two widely consumed pharmaceuticals, on nanoporous carbons of different characteristics. Batch adsorption experiments of pure components in water and their binary mixtures were carried out to measure both adsorption equilibrium and kinetics, and dynamic tests were performed to validate the simultaneous removal of the mixtures in breakthrough experiments. The equilibrium adsorption capacities evaluated from pure component solutions were higher than those measured in dynamic conditions, and were found to depend on the porous features of the adsorbent and the nature of the specific/dispersive interactions that are controlled by the solution pH, density of surface change on the carbon and ionization of the pollutant. A marked roll-up effect was observed for AMX retention on the hydrophobic carbons, not seen for the functionalized adsorbent likely due to the lower affinity of amoxicillin towards the carbon adsorbent. Dynamic adsorption of binary mixtures from wastewater of high salinity and alkalinity showed a slight increase in IBU uptake and a reduced adsorption of AMX, demonstrating the feasibility of the simultaneous removal of both compounds from complex water matrices.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2014.12.020
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