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Factors shaping bacterial phylogenetic and functional diversity in coastal waters of the NW Mediterranean Sea

AuthorsBoras, Julia A. CSIC ORCID; Vaqué, Dolors CSIC ORCID ; Maynou, Francesc CSIC ORCID ; Sà, Elisabet L. CSIC ORCID ; Weinbauer, Markus G.; Sala, M. Montserrat CSIC ORCID
Issue Date5-Mar-2015
CitationEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 154: 102-110 (2015)
AbstractTo evaluate the main factors shaping bacterioplankton phylogenetic and functional diversity in marine coastal waters, we carried out a two-year study based on a monthly sampling in Blanes Bay (NW Mediterranean). We expected the key factors driving bacterial diversity to be (1) temperature and nutrient concentration, together with chlorophyll a concentration as an indicator of phytoplankton biomass and, hence, a carbon source for bacteria (here called bottom-up factors), and (2) top-down pressure (virus- and protist-mediated mortality of bacteria). Phylogenetic diversity was analyzed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of 16S rRNA. Functional diversity was assessed by using monomeric carbon sources in Biolog EcoPlates and by determining the activity of six extracellular enzymes. Our results indicate that the bacterial phylogenetic and functional diversity in this coastal system is shaped mainly by bottom-up factors. A dendrogram analysis of the DGGE banding patterns revealed three main sample clusters. Two clusters differed significantly in temperature, nitrate and chlorophyll a concentration, and the third was characterized by the highest losses of bacterial production due to viral lysis detected over the whole study period. Protistan grazing had no effect on bacterial functional diversity, since there were no correlations between protist-mediated mortality (PMM) and extracellular enzyme activities, and utilization of only two out of the 31 carbon sources (N-acetyl-. d-glucosamine and α-cyclodextrin) was correlated with PMM. In contrast, virus-mediated mortality correlated with changes in the percentage of use of four carbon sources, and also with specific leu-aminopeptidase and β-glucosidase activity. This suggests that viral lysate provides a pool of labile carbon sources, presumably including amino acids and glucose, which may inhibit proteolytic and glucosidic activity. Our results indicate that bottom-up factors play a more important role than top-down factors (i.e. viral lysis and protistan grazing) in shaping bacterial community structure and activity. Furthermore, they suggest that viruses play a more important role than protists in modifying community structure and functional diversity of bacteria in oligotrophic marine coastal waters. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
Description9 pages, 2 figures, 4 tables
Publisher version (URL)
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2014.12.039
issn: 0272-7714
e-issn: 1096-0015
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Artículos

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