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Oxidized carbon nanofibers supporting PtRu nanoparticles for direct methanol fuel cells

AutorSebastián del Río, David; Lázaro Elorri, María Jesús; Moliner Álvarez, Rafael; Suelves Laiglesia, Isabel; Aricò, Antonino Salvatore; Baglio, Vincenzo
Palabras claveCarbon
Methanol oxidation
Fecha de publicación26-mar-2014
CitaciónInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy 39(10): 5414-5423 (2014)
ResumenOxidized carbon nanofibers (CNFs) have been investigated as supports for PtRu nanoparticles. Two distinct CNFs characterized by different surface area and crystallinity have been considered and treated with nitric acid and a mixture of sulfuric and nitric acids to introduce oxygen functionalities. The oxidized CNFs have been then physico-chemically characterized and used for the preparation of PtRu/CNF catalysts by a modified microemulsion procedure. PtRu nanoparticles of ca. 2 nm size were obtained despite the relatively low surface area of CNFs (90–180 m2 g−18 ). A good particle distribution on the supports has been obtained, as confirmed by TEM micrographs and by the high values of electrochemically active surface areas (up to 200 m2 g−110 ). Catalysts based on oxidized carbon nanofibers present a significant increase of activity toward the electro-oxidation of methanol. The effect of oxidation treatments is not independent of the CNF properties, which must be considered for a convenient support optimization. Nevertheless, the optimum support is obtained when balancing three parameters: a sufficient electrochemical surface area, an improved metal-support interaction due to the effect of oxygen functionalities, and better methanol diffusion through the catalyst pores due to the wettability of oxidized CNFs.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.12.005
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.12.005
issn: 0360-3199
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