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In the shadow of phylogenetic uncertainty: The recent diversification of Lysandra butterflies through chromosomal change

AuthorsTalavera, Gerard ; Lukhtanov, Vladimir A.; Rieppel, Lukas; Pierce, Naomi E.; Vila, Roger
KeywordsIncomplete lineage sorting
Species trees
Chromosomal evolution
Issue DateDec-2013
CitationMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69(3): 469-478 (2013)
AbstractThe phylogeny of the butterfly genus Lysandra (Lycaenidae, Polyommatinae) has been intractable using both molecular and morphological characters, which could be a result of speciation due to karyotype instability. Here we reconstruct the phylogeny of the group using multi-locus coalescent-based methods on seven independent genetic markers. While the genus is ca. 4.9 Mya old, the diversification of the extant lineages was extremely recent (ca. 1.5 Mya) and involved multiple chromosomal rearrangements. We find that relationships are uncertain due to both incomplete lineage sorting and hybridization. Minimizing the impact of reticulation in inferring the species tree by testing for mitochondrial introgression events yields a partially resolved tree with three main supported clades: L. punctifera+. L. bellargus, the corydonius taxa, and L. coridon+. the Iberian taxa, plus three independent lineages without apparently close relatives (L. ossmar, L. syriaca and L. dezina). Based on these results and new karyotypic data, we propose a rearrangement recognizing ten species within the genus. Finally, we hypothesize that chromosomal instability may have played a crucial role in the Lysandra recent diversification. New chromosome rearrangements might be fixed in populations after severe bottlenecks, which at the same time might promote rapid sorting of neutral molecular markers. We argue that population bottlenecks might be a prerequisite for chromosomal speciation in this group. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2013.08.004
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2013.08.004
issn: 1055-7903
Appears in Collections:(IBE) Artículos
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