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Título

Crustal thinning in the northern Tyrrhenian Rift: Insights from multichannel and wide-angle seismic data across the basin

Autor Moeller, Stefan; Grevemeyer, Ingo; Ranero, César R. ; Berndt, Christian; Klaeschen, Dirk; Sallarès, Valentí ; Zitellini, Nevio; de Franco, Roberto
Fecha de publicación mar-2014
EditorAmerican Geophysical Union
Citación Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 119(3): 1655-1677 (2014)
ResumenExtension of the continental lithosphere leads to the formation of rift basins or rifted continental margins if breakup occurs. Seismic investigations have repeatedly shown that conjugate margins have asymmetric tectonic structures and different amount of extension and crustal thinning. Here we compare two coincident wide-angle and multichannel seismic profiles across the northern Tyrrhenian rift system sampling crust that underwent different stages of extension from north to south and from the flanks to the basin center. Tomographic inversion reveals that the crust has thinned homogeneously from similar to 24 km to similar to 17 km between the Corsica Margin and the Latium Margin implying a beta factor of similar to 1.3-1.5. On the transect 80 km to the south, the crust thinned from similar to 24 km beneath Sardinia to a maximum of similar to 11 km in the eastern region near the Campania Margin (beta factor of similar to 2.2). The increased crustal thinning is accompanied by a zone of reduced velocities in the upper crust that expands progressively toward the southeast. We interpret that the velocity reduction is related to rock fracturing caused by a higher degree of brittle faulting, as observed on multichannel seismic images. Locally, basalt flows are imaged intruding sediment in this zone, and heat flow values locally exceed 100 mW/m(2). Velocities within the entire crust range 4.0-6.7 km/s, which are typical for continental rocks and indicate that significant rift-related magmatic underplating may not be present. The characteristics of the pre-tectonic, syn-tectonic and post-tectonic sedimentary units allow us to infer the spatial and temporal evolution of active rifting. In the western part of the southern transect, thick postrift sediments were deposited in half grabens that are bounded by large fault blocks. Fault spacing and block size diminish to the east as crustal thinning increases. Recent tectonic activity is expressed by faults cutting the seafloor in the east, near the mainland of Italy. The two transects show the evolution from the less extended rift in the north with a fairly symmetric conjugate structure to the asymmetric margins farther south. This structural evolution is consistent with W-E rift propagation and southward increasing extension rates.
Descripción 23 pages, 13 figures
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2013JB010431
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10261/113076
DOI10.1002/2013JB010431
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1002/2013JB010431
issn: 2169-9356
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