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Title

Can light intensity cause shifts in natural product and bacterial profiles of the sponge Aplysina aerophoba?

AuthorsSacristán-Soriano, Oriol ; Banaigs, Bernard; Becerro, Mikel
KeywordsSecondary metabolites
Symbiosis
Chemical defenses
Host–symbiont interactions
Microbial ecology
Porifera
Issue Date2015
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
CitationMarine Ecology 37 : 88-105 (2016)
AbstractThe potential role of microbial consortia on sponge chemistry is well known. However, how environmental factors affect microbial and chemical profiles and how these shifts affect the sponge holobiont are far from being understood. This study experimentally investigated the effect of light on both the concentration of secondary metabolites and the bacterial assemblages of the sponge Aplysina aerophoba. We quantified major brominated alkaloids (BAs) using a high-performance liquid chromatography system coupled with a UV-detector and analysed sponge-associated bacteria using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of 16S rRNA gene amplicons. We identified distinct chemical and bacterial profiles between the ectosome and the choanosome of A. aerophoba. The abundance of most secondary metabolites increased regardless of the illumination regime. We found that the probability of occurrence of three microbial phylotypes (operational taxonomic units 84, 86 and 87) was strongly associated with increasing concentrations of three brominated compounds (aerophobin-1, aplysinamisin-1 and isofistularin-3). Although the role of these bacteria remains uninvestigated, these associations between natural products and specific microbial phylotypes outline further hypotheses that will improve our understanding of the organization and functioning of these complex host– symbiont interactions.
Description18 páginas, 5 figuras, 4 tablas.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/maec.12252
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/112841
DOI10.1111/maec.12252
ISSN0173-9565
Appears in Collections:(CEAB) Artículos
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