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Effect of pyrolysis temperature on the composition of the oils obtained from sewage sludge

AuthorsSánchez, M. E.; Menéndez Díaz, José Ángel ; Domínguez Padilla, Antonio ; Pis Martínez, José Juan ; Martínez, O.; Calvo, L. F.; Bernad, P. L.
KeywordsGas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC–MS)
Sewage sludge
Oil composition
Issue Date5-Mar-2009
CitationBiomass and Bioenergy (2009), doi: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2009.02.002
AbstractSewage sludge was pyrolysed in a quartz reactor at 350, 450, 550 and 950°C. The pyrolysis oils from the sewage sludge were characterized in detail by means of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC–MS). Changes in the composition of the oils related to the process conditions were assessed by normalizing the areas of the peaks. It was demonstrated that, as the temperature of pyrolysis increased from 350 to 950°C, the concentration of mono-aromatic hydrocarbons in the oils also increased. Conversely, phenol and its alkyl derivatives showed a strong decrease in their concentration as temperature rose. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) with two to three rings passed through a maximum at a pyrolysis temperature of 450°C. PAHs with 4–5 rings also presented a major increase as temperature increased up to 450°C, the concentration at 950°C being slightly higher than that at 450°C. Quantification of the main compounds showed that sewage sludge pyrolysis oils contain significant quantities of potentially high-value hydrocarbons such as mono-aromatic hydrocarbons and phenolic compounds. The oils also contain substantial concentrations of PAHs, even at the lowest temperature of 350°C. The pathway to PAH formation is believed to be via the Diels–Alder reaction and also via secondary reactions of oxygenated compounds such as phenols.
Description8 pages, 2 figures, 4 tables.-- Article in press.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2009.02.002
Appears in Collections:(INCAR) Artículos
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