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Genomic analysis of the blood attributed to Louis XVI (1754-1793), king of France

AutorOlalde, Iñigo ; Sánchez-Quinto, Federico ; Marigorta, Urko M. ; Rodríguez-Pérez, Juan Antonio ; Fernández-Callejo, Marcos; Matas-Lalueza, Marta; Ramírez, Óscar ; Navarro, Arcadi ; Marqués-Bonet, Tomàs ; Lalueza-Fox, Carles
Fecha de publicación24-abr-2014
EditorNature Publishing Group
CitaciónScientific Reports 4: 4666 (2014)
ResumenA pyrographically decorated gourd, dated to the French Revolution period, has been alleged to contain a handkerchief dipped into the blood of the French king Louis XVI (1754-1793) after his beheading but recent analyses of living males from two Bourbon branches cast doubts on its authenticity. We sequenced the complete genome of the DNA contained in the gourd at low coverage (∼2.5×) with coding sequences enriched at a higher ∼7.3× coverage. We found that the ancestry of the gourd's genome does not seem compatible with Louis XVI's known ancestry. From a functional perspective, we did not find an excess of alleles contributing to height despite being described as the tallest person in Court. In addition, the eye colour prediction supported brown eyes, while Louis XVI had blue eyes. This is the first draft genome generated from a person who lived in a recent historical period; however, our results suggest that this sample may not correspond to the alleged king.
DescripciónOlalde, Iñigo et al.-- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep04666
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1038/srep04666
issn: 2045-2322
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