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Hydrogen storage on chemically activated carbons and carbon nanomaterials at high pressures

AuthorsJordá-Beneyto, M.; Suárez García, Fabián ; Lozano-Castelló, D.; Cazorla-Amorós, D.; Linares-Solano, A.
KeywordsGraphitic nanofibres
Issue DateFeb-2007
CitationCarbon 45(2): 293-303 (2007)
AbstractHydrogen adsorption measurements have been carried out at different temperatures (298 K and 77 K) and high pressure on a series of chemically activated carbons with a wide range of porosities and also on other types of carbon materials, such as activated carbon fibers, carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers. This paper provides a useful interpretation of hydrogen adsorption data according to the porosity of the materials and to the adsorption conditions, using the fundamentals of adsorption. At 298 K, the hydrogen adsorption capacity depends on both the micropore volume and the micropore size distribution. Values of hydrogen adsorption capacities at 298 K of 1.2 wt.% and 2.7 wt.% have been obtained at 20 MPa and 50 MPa, respectively, for a chemically activated carbon. At 77 K, hydrogen adsorption depends on the surface area and the total micropore volume of the activated carbon. Hydrogen adsorption capacity of 5.6 wt.% at 4 MPa and 77 K have been reached by a chemically activated carbon. The total hydrogen storage on the best activated carbon at 298 K is 16.7 g H2/l and 37.2 g H2/l at 20 MPa and 50 MPa, respectively (which correspond to 3.2 wt.% and 6.8 wt.%, excluding the tank weight) and 38.8 g H2/l at 77 K and 4 MPa (8 wt.% excluding the tank weight).
Description11 pages, 10 figures, 1 table.-- Available online on Nov 1, 2006.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2006.09.022
Appears in Collections:(INCAR) Artículos
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